, Ala , AL , Birmingham , Hoover , Tuscaloosa , Bay Minette, Mobile , Monroeville, Anniston , Florence , Huntsville , Auburn , Dothan , Montgomery ,

Alaska

, AK,

Arizona, Ariz, AZ, Chandler, Mesa, Scottsdale, Casa Grande, Sierra Vista, Tucson, Phoenix, City, Avondale, Glendale, Peoria, Flagstaff, Lake, Havasu City, Yuma,

Arkansas, Ark, AR, Fayetteville, Fort Smith, Russellville, Hot Springs, Little Rock, Searcy, Jonesboro, Pine Bluff, Texarkana,

California, CA, Calif, Los, Angeles, LA, San, Francisco, Diego, Jose, Oakland, Riverside, Orange County, Merced, Modesto, Stockton, Los Angeles, Downtown, Inglewood, Santa Monica, Torrance, Hollywood, Huntington Park, Montebello, San Jose, Santa Clara, Sunnyvale, Novato, San Francisco, San Rafael, Fremont, Hayward, Oakland, Davis, Redding, South Lake Tahoe, Fresno, Madera, Visalia, Downey, Long Beach, Whittier, Chula Vista, El Cajon, San Diego, Alhambra, Pasadena, West Covina, Daly City, Palo Alto, San Mateo, Bakersfield, Lancaster, Santa Clarita, Eureka, Santa Rosa, Vallejo, Anaheim, Huntington Beach, Santa Ana, Oceanside, Palm Springs, Victorville, Oxnard, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Burbank, Glendale, San Fernando, Monterey, Salinas, Santa Cruz, La Jolla, Linda Vista, Poway, Ontario, Riverside, San Bernardino, Folsom, Roseville, Sacramento, Antioch, Concord, Livermore, Costa Mesa, Irvine, Mission Viejo,

Canada, Canadian, Montreal, Toronto, Quebec, Alberta, Calgary, Edmonton, British Columbia, Victoria, Vancouver, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Province, Newfoundland, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario , Toronto, London, Ottawa, North Bay, Thunder Bay, Hamilton, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Quebec City, Laval, Montreal, Sherbrooke, Saskatchewan, Yukon Territory,

CARIBBEAN, Anguilla, Antigua, Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Jamaica, Montserrat, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitt, Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent, Grenadines, Trinidad, Tobago, Turks, Caicos, U.S. Virgin Islands,

Colorado, Colo, CO, Boulder, Denver, Littleton, Alamosa, Colorado Springs, Pueblo, Durango, Fort Collins, Grand Junction,

Connecticut

, Conn , CT, Bridgeport , New Haven , Waterbury , Hartford , New London , Torrington ,

Dakota, ND,

Delaware

, Del , DE, Dover , Wilmington , Milford , Harrington,

Dist. of Columbia , Washington

, D.C., DC,

Florida, FL, Fla., Florida, Miami, Naples, Lauderdale, Cape Coral, Fort Myers, Naples, Hialeah, Key West, Miami, Cocoa, Melbourne, Titusville, Gainesville, Leesburg, Ocala, Daytona Beach, Deltona, Lake City, Kissimmee, Orlando, Sanford, Boca Raton, Jupiter, West Palm Beach, Clearwater, New Port Richey, Saint Petersburg, Fort Pierce, Stuart, Vero Beach, Plant City, Tampa, Zephyrhills, Panama City, Pensacola, Tallahassee, Clewiston, Lakeland, Sebring, Fernandina Beach, Jacksonville, Saint Augustine, Bradenton, Punta Gorda, Sarasota, Coral Springs, Fort Lauderdale, Hollywood,

Georgia, Albany, Americus, Valdosta, Atlanta, Decatur, East Point, Macon, Milledgeville, Swainsboro, Athens, Augusta, Columbus, Gainesville, Griffin, Marietta, Brunswick, Savannah, Waycross,

Guam

, GU,

Georgia

, Ga. , GA, Atlanta ,

Hawaii

, HI,

Idaho

, ID,

Illinois, Ill., IL, Aurora, Naperville, Chicago, Heights, Cicero, Rockford, Joliet, Waukegan, Skokie, Gary, Kenosha, Chandler, Pembroke, Pines, Peoria, Athens, Champaign, Quincy, Springfield, Bloomington, Moline, Peoria, Chicago, Belleville, Carbondale, Mount Vernon, Aurora, Naperville, Wheaton, Calumet City, Cicero, Tinley Park, Chicago, Joliet, Kankakee, Rockford, Elgin, Evanston, Waukegan,

Indiana, Ind., IN, Indianapolis, Gary, La Porte, Rensselaer, Angola, Fort Wayne, Wabash, Franklin, Indianapolis, Noblesville, Elkhart, Logansport, South Bend, Kokomo, Lafayette, Muncie, Evansville, New Albany, Terre Haute,

Iowa, IA, Burlington, Cedar Rapids, Waterloo, Ames, Des Moines, Fort Dodge, Davenport, Decorah, Dubuque, Marshalltown, Mason City, Ottumwa, Council Bluffs, Sioux City, Spencer,

Kansas, Kans., KS, El Dorado, Newton, Wichita, Emporia, Garden City, Hutchinson, Lawrence, Salina, Topeka, Kansas City, Leavenworth, Overland Park,

Kentucky, Ky., KY, Bowling Green, Owensboro, Paducah, Bardstown, Frankfort, Louisville, Ashland, Pikeville, Somerset, Covington, Lexington, Richmond,

Louisiana, La., LA, Baton Rouge, Donaldsonville, New Roads, Alexandria, Monroe, Shreveport, Lafayette, Lake Charles, New Iberia, Gretna, Kenner, New Orleans, Hammond, Houma, Morgan City,

Maine

, ME,

Maryland

, Md. , MD, Baltimore , Frederick , Hagerstown , Bethesda , Salisbury , Annapolis , Bowie , Frederick , Hagerstown , Annapolis , Baltimore , Salisbury ,

Massachusetts, Mass., MA, Boston, Amherst, Pittsfield, Springfield, Brockton, New Bedford, Worcester, Boston, Cambridge, Quincy, Lynn, Waltham, Weymouth, Fitchburg, Lawrence, Lowell,

Michigan, Mich., MI, Detroit, Troy, Cheboygan, Muskegon, Traverse City, Farmington Hills, Pontiac, Troy, Battle Creek, Benton Harbor, Kalamazoo, Dearborn, Detroit, Grosse Pointe, Coldwater, Jackson, Lansing, Mount Clemens, Sterling Heights, Warren, Grand Rapids, Holland, Ionia, Ann Arbor, Livonia, Monroe, Flint, Lapeer, Port Huron, Marquette, Menominee, Sault Sainte Marie, Alpena, Mount Pleasant, Saginaw,

Minnesota, MN, Brainerd, Duluth, Moorhead, Hutchinson, Saint Cloud, Willmar, Mankato, Rochester, Worthington, Minneapolis, Richfield, Saint Anthony, Eagan, Red Wing, Saint Paul, Coon Rapids, Elk River, Plymouth, Apple Valley, Bloomington, Minnetonka,

Mississippi

, Biloxi , Gulfport , Pascagoula , Hattiesburg , Jackson , Meridian , Columbus , Greenville , Tupelo ,

Missouri, Florissant, Kirkwood, Saint Louis, Branson, Joplin, Springfield, Cape Girardeau, Columbia, Jefferson City, Chesterfield, Festus, Saint Charles, Kirksville, Maryville, Sedalia, Independence, Kansas City, Saint Joseph,

Montana

,

Nebraska

, Grand Island , North Platte , Scottsbluff, Lincoln , Norfolk , Omaha ,

Nevada

, NV, Henderson , Las Vegas , Laughlin, Carson City , Elko, Reno ,

New, Jersey, NJ, N.J., Atlantic, City, Trenton, Atlantic, New Brunswick, Long Branch, Cherry Hill, Vineland, Camden, Elizabeth, Summit, Newark, Paterson, Northern, Jersey City, Hackensack, Bayonne, Hackensack, Jersey City, Atlantic City, Trenton, Willingboro, Long Branch, New Brunswick, Toms River, Camden, Cherry Hill, Vineland, Elizabeth, Flemington, Phillipsburg, Morristown, Newark, Paterson,

New York, NY, NYC, Syracuse, Utica, Brooklyn, Queens, Minneola, Hicksville, White Plains, Yonkers, Manhattan, Bronx,  Staten, Long, Island, Albany, Rochester, Binghamton, Elmira, Riverhead, Islip, Buffalo, Niagara, Falls, Poughkeepsie, New York City – Manhattan, Syracuse, Utica, Watertown, Long Island, Nassau, Hempstead, Levittown, Valley Stream, Albany, Glens Falls, Plattsburgh, Batavia, Geneva, Rochester, Binghamton, Elmira, Oneonta, Long Island, Suffolk, Commack, Islip, Southampton, Buffalo, Jamestown, Niagara Falls, New York City, Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens, Staten Island, Middletown, Newburgh, Poughkeepsie, New Rochelle, White Plains, Yonkers, New York City,

New Mexico

, NM,

North Dakota

ND

North Carolina, N.C., NC, Greenville, New Bern, Rocky Mount, Greensboro, Lexington, Winston Salem, Charlotte, Concord, Gastonia, Asheville, Boone, Hickory, Fayetteville, Jacksonville, Wilmington, Chapel Hill, Goldsboro, Raleigh,

Ohio, OH, Cleveland, Euclid, Lakewood, Akron, Canton, Youngstown, Lima, Mansfield, Toledo, Lorain, Mentor, Parma, Cincinnati, Hamilton, Middletown, Columbus, Reynoldsburg, Westerville, Marion, Portsmouth, Steubenville, Bellefontaine, Dayton, Springfield,

Oklahoma

, Okla. , OK, Norman , Oklahoma City, Stillwater , Ada , Enid , Lawton , Bartlesville , Muskogee , Tulsa ,  

Oregon

, Ore. , OR, Astoria , Portland , Salem , Eugene , Medford , Pendleton,

Pennsylvania, Pa., PA, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Allentown, Bethlehem, Scranton, Harrisburg, Levittown, McKeesport, Reading, Williamsport, Lancaster, Uniontown, New Castle, Erie, State College, Lansdale, Levittown, Philadelphia, Bethel Park, McKeesport, Pittsburgh, Pottsville, Scranton, Williamsport, Allentown, Reading, West Chester, Harrisburg, Lancaster, York, Indiana, New Castle, Washington, Altoona, Erie, Johnstown,

Puerto Rico

, PR,

Rhode Island

, R.I., RI,

South Carolina, S.C., SC, Aiken, Columbia, Rock Hill, Charleston, Florence, Hilton Head Island, Anderson, Greenville, Spartanburg,  

South Dakota

, SD,

Tennessee, Tenn., TN, Chattanooga, Johnson City, Morristown, Franklin, Murfreesboro, Nashville, Dyersburg, Humboldt, Jackson, Knoxville, Oak Ridge, Sevierville, Covington, Memphis, Somerville, Clarksville, Columbia, Cookeville,  

Texas, Tex., TX, Dallas, Ft, Worth, Houston, Alamo Heights, San Antonio, Universal City, Dallas, Irving, Plano, Killeen, Temple, Waco, Abilene, Brownwood, San Angelo, Corpus Christi, Kingsville, Victoria, Beaumont, Galveston, Jasper, Alpine, Midland, Odessa, Austin, Georgetown, San Marcos, Houston, Pasadena, Sugar Land, Amarillo, Lubbock, Plainview, Arlington, Cleburne, Fort Worth, Eagle Pass, Kerrville, New Braunfels, Longview, Sherman, Tyler, Dell City, El Paso, Sierra Blanca, Huntsville, Liberty, Nacogdoches, Denton, Mineral Wells, Wichita Falls, Brownsville, Laredo, McAllen, Angleton, Bay City, Bryan,  

Utah

, UT, Logan , Saint George, Vernal, Ogden , Provo , Salt Lake City ,

Virginia, Va., VA, Bluefield, Bristol, Martinsville, Charlottesville, Danville, Lynchburg, Fredericksburg, Harrisonburg, Roanoke, Alexandria, Arlington, Manassas, Norfolk, Virginia Beach, Williamsburg, Petersburg, Richmond, Tappahannock.

Virgin Islands

, V.I., VI,

Vermont

, Vt. , VT,

Washington, Wash., WA, Mercer Island, Richmond Beach, Seattle, Auburn, Kent, Tacoma, Bellingham, Olympia, Vancouver, Bellevue, Everett, Renton, Kennewick, Spokane, Yakima,

West, Virginia, W.Va. , WV,

Wisconsin, Wis., WI, Kenosha, Racine, West Bend, Milwaukee, Wauwatosa, West, Allis, Janesville, La, Crosse, Madison, Eau Claire, Superior, Wausau, Green Bay, Oshkosh, Sheboygan,

Wyoming

, Wyo. , WY,

 

 

 

GB Industrial Battery

Industrial Batteries & Chargers

 

 

 

   GB Industrial Battery USA - English

 

 

 

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Industrial Battery Construction

 

 

This brief tutorial shows the primary stages of industrial battery cell construction and assembly of the various components to produce the finished product. Stages such acquisition and storage of raw materials, the production of the battery trays, cell jars, cell covers, intercell connectors, acid, etc. were omitted, but are virtually a business within the business.

 

 GRID CASTING: Lead bars, or “pigs” are continuously fed into the “grid” casting machines. The machines heat the lead to a liquid state, and then rapidly pour pre-set amounts into the molds to produce the grids. Once pasted with lead oxide, they become the plates that make up each cell of a battery.

 

 

 

 COMPLETED GRIDS: As they are removed from the conveyor, each grid is inspected for proper thickness, stacked and palletized for transport to the pasting area. Positive and Negative grids are cast using separate specialized molds. Different cell sizes use different molds, which requires retooling between production runs.

 

 

 

 GRID PASTING: The positive and negative grids go to separate pasting areas. The positive paste has a reddish color and the negative paste has a dull gray color. Quality control personnel are ever present during this critical stage. Positive pasting area (pictured):

 

 

 Negative plates nearing completion:

 

 

 

 PLATE CURING AND WRAPPING: The finished plates are then dried and cured in large ovens to harden the paste material. Once cured, the positive plates are wrapped, and the positive / negative plates are placed in the correct order with “separators” between them in preparation for initial cell assembly.

 

 

 

 INITIAL CELL ASSEMBLY: Prior to inserting the plates into the cell jars, they are clamped tightly in a hydraulic jig, and the opposing rows of positive and negative plates are soldered together to form the positive and negative “straps”. The positive and negative posts are also formed during this process. Again, quality control is paramount at this stage.

 

 

 

 INTERMEDIATE CELL ASSEMBLY: The assemblies are then inserted into the jars and placed on the assembly line. The covers are then heat-sealed to the jars.

  

 

 

 FINAL CELL ASSEMBLY: The final stage of cell assembly is forming final positive and negative posts, which also form an airtight cover to post seal. The electrolyte is then added, and the cells are placed into tubs for transport to the charging area.

  

 

 

 PREPARING CELLS FOR INITIAL CHARGE: Once the cells are filled and grouped according to size and customer order, they are connected together for the initial “formation” charge, which usually takes one week.

 

 

 

 FORMATION CHARGE: The cell temperatures and electrolyte (acid) levels are constantly monitored during the constant current formation charge. The electrolyte levels are controlled by the white PVC inserts (pictured) to prevent overflow and plate drying.

 

 

 

 FINAL ASSMBLY: The charged cells finally merge with the trays for final battery assembly. The lead intercell connectors are put in place and the delicate process of soldering them in series begins. Any mistake at this stage could cause a lead melt down, which would damage the cell(s), requiring them to be removed and scrapped. Upon completion, quality control personnel thoroughly inspect each battery.

 

 

 

 PALLETIZATION / PREP FOR SHIPPING: The completed batteries are then palletized, wrapped, banded and prepared for shipment. Special bracing is constructed around each individual battery to prevent movement or damage during shipment.

  

 

 

 SHIPPING: The completed batteries are tagged and staged for pick up in the shipping area, and loaded for delivery to customers nation wide.

 

 

 

Proudly Serving the following regions, states and territories: AL, AK, AR, AZ, CA, Canada, CO, CT, ND, DE, DC, FL, GU, GA, HI, IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, LA, ME, MD, MA, MI, MN, MT, NV, NJ, NY, NYC, NM, ND, NC, OH, OK, PA, PR, RI, SC, TN, TX, UT, VA, VI, VT, WA, WV, WI, and WY.

 

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© Copyright GB Industrial Battery - All rights reserved.

Last Updated: Tuesday, September 02, 2008 - 4:07:00 AM. Pacific Time.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Cell (bad)

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